Welcome to this edition of the T-Line on-line magazine, a project of BHPflex, a non-commercial, non-governmental, community-based effort in San Francisco.
T-Line may be viewed on multiple on-line platforms.
Note: T-Line is not part of San Francisco MTA/Muni or K/T-Train, yet we fully support public transportation.
The Murder of George Floyd and the international response; the demonstrations for police reform; anarchic disruptions and anger; Black Lives Matter; the murder of Rayshard Brooks and the increase in Covid19 cases worldwide are current impacts that capture our attention minute by minute. This month's issue brings local responses; important stories on the importance of learning from and being fully cognizant of our local history; and uplifting stories on the creative process, people, their work and an optimism that can carry us forward.
We begin with an open letter on homeless encampments and request your input and critique, with the need to hear differing points of view. Please review and read The Word on Third
WHAT's UP on THIRD ?
OPEN for BUSINESS. Not so fast.
WEAR A MASK !
Local and California state directives delay re-opening of many business in the spirit of keeping people healthy and safe. Why is this controversial?
What is the long term effect on individuals and families with little or no income, dwindling resources?
Also: The Bayview Merchant's Association celebrates 95 years!
Read in II the BUSINESS section What's up on Third ?
Preservation of Place
IN THIS ISSUE:
HUNTERS-POINT NAVAL SHIPYARD
and the BOMB !
Components of the first Atomic Bomb, used during wartime, were shipped from Hunters-Point Naval Shipyard on July 16, 1945. This story provides a backdrop to the tragedy, and the aftermath including the sinking of the USS Indianapolis, a rescue in the sea, and related stories that continue to this day.
Read in III HISTORY
Lead Story by Jamie C. Lyons
Notes and added text by Bayview Historical Society
Artist Communities and Resources
IN THIS ISSUE:
Bayview-based Ron Moultrie Saunders, working from his studio in Dogpatch, is featured in this issue. His newest public art installation will be permanently displayed at the new Bayview Community Center. The T-Line celebrates the evolving work of our local artist.
Read in IV ARTS
WHAT's on your PLATE ?
IN THIS ISSUE:
'Talk about Good', first published in 1967 in Lafayette, Louisiana, celebrates the home cooking and family recipes largely forgotten during the foodie revolution of today. These recipes, using today's ingredients and the range of great talent and passion for cooking all around, can yield delicious, healthy and nutritious results for your table.
July, 25, 2020
An Open Letter to the Citizens of San Francisco
via Mayor London Breed
San Francisco Board of Supervisors
San Francisco Department of Public Health
Department of Economic and Workforce Development
Re: Non-sanctioned encampment sites in D10
Dear San Franciscans,
Homeless encampments in Bayview, including RV’s, tents, boxes and other assemblies have increased approx. 90.6% over the April, 2020 counts, to 638 per our windshield and walk survey this month. These figures DO NOT reflect the organized Bayshore, Central Waterfront and Pier 94 Trailer Navigation Centers, the City-sanctioned tent encampments or other managed and congregate homeless overnight services, nor do they include the extant commercial RV park conjoined with the empty and unused Candlestick overflow lots.
While our counted locations are largely concentrated in the overlooked and peripheral industrial areas, they nevertheless pose additional health and safety hazards to all San Franciscans - and to the homeless and vehicular-housed themselves - as exposure to the elements and overall environmental impacts, human waste, drug paraphernalia, and significant increase in garbage and trash continue to litter and foul these areas. The individuals in these settings need our compassion, assistance and an enhanced level of City-wide participation for resolving homelessness.
As the summer months are upon us, with increases in temperature, the lack of sanitation, along with the increase in related and un-related dumping will likely result in additional negative consequences and broader public health impacts to those living in the open and to the surrounding community of neighborhoods.
Recognition of the advancing Covid19 infection rate and the possibility of spread among the unmasked in these areas could result in a crisis condition within Bayview-Hunterspoint and other locations in D-10, areas already impacted by high positives and
known fatalities due to the pandemic. The social equity considerations for the resident children and families in poverty, the elderly who may lack sufficient services due to isolation or lack of funds, and to the additional vulnerable populations who reside here permanently should not be further compromised by ignoring this increase in additional, un-managed encampment populations, some originating from outside the community.
One size does not fit all and the term overall term ‘homelessness’ is too broad when attempting to understand how to proceed in assessing the population or directing services. There are those who are housed in RV’s and in cars, in tents, in boxes and tarps and within various assemblies; the backstories multi-factorial. Mentally handicapped individuals require specific evaluation and services; drug-abusers a different type of intervention with a ’supply-side’ debate sorely needed. There are stories of domestic violence, job loss, relationship dissolution and a need for isolation, with those situations also linked to a lack of financial independence or support. Still other situations, though rare, may be driven by a desire by some to live off-grid in the City within a rolling resource, or to have a commuter’s overnight location near employment.
It is entirely inequitable for stressed communities such as Bayview-HuntersPoint to take on yet another layer of social service delivery in the absence of City-wide participation. Every Supervisorial District in San Francisco should provide at least one Navigation Center and an enhanced network of support services, along with a community plan for transitional and permanent housing of vulnerable and homeless individuals and families, in our opinion. We had broached these same subjects in discussions with City Hall in 2013. Now seven years later, only Districts 6, 8 and 10 have fulfilled their empathic and civic obligations in support of various, solutions-based actions including navigation centers, managed trailer sites, congregate settings within the non-profit services networks, etc. To be clear, a third Navigation Center is currently under construction in Bayview (the fourth in D10, with additional sites now under consideration) and is supported by a broad cross-section of homeowners, renters and business owners as a viable and responsible component to solving this crisis. Similar plans and projects in other districts should not simply be considered temporary and short-term fixes, but instead must be developed, managed and maintained as sustainable solutions that are consistent with good citizenship. The Bayview District, Potrero Hill and Visitation Valley, all in District 10, are now beyond capacity and look to entirety of San Francisco to assist us in shouldering these responsibilities.
Please prepare your own districts and your local leadership for these discussions and debates. We fully expect you to step up and share these stressors, and we look forward to witnessing your progress.
Jorge Alfaro, Bayview Resident
James Ansbro, Bayview Resident
Kathleen Anderson, Bayview Business Owner and Employer
Nathan Apple, Bayview Business Owner
Mrs. Edward Banks, Bayview Resident
BAYVIEW MERCHANTS ASSOCIATION
Daniel Barkman, Bayview Resident
Rose Balderian, Bayview Resident and Business Owner
Linda Blacketer, Bayview Resident
Sharon Bliss, Bayview Resident
Sue Brown - Resident and Bayview NERT coordinator
Willie Cain, Bayview Resident
Janet Carpenelli, Dogpatch resident
Stacey Carter, Longtime Bayview Advocate
Jon Chester, Bayview Resident
Nancy Chiesa, D10 Resident
Robin Chiang, Friends of Islais Creek
Margaret Cliver, Bayview Resident
B.C. Cliver, Bavyiew Resident
Malia Cohen, Member, State Board of Equalization,
Former President, SF Board of Supervisors
Catherine Coleman, D10 Resident
Ann DeJesus, Bayview Resident
Jignesh Desai, Bayview Resident
Xan DeVoss, Bayview Business Owner and Employer
Dan Dodt, Bayview Resident and Business Owner
David Eisenberg, Bayview Business Owner and Employer
William Farley, Bayview Resident
Erin Farrell, Bayview Resident
Laurie Fenech, Bayview Resident
Rodney Fleming - Bavyeiw Resident, 4800 HOA President
David Froehlich, Bayview Resident
Tim Garlick, Business Owner
Jonathan Germain, Bayview Resident
Gerardo Gonzalez, Bayview Resident
Heidi Gorenflo, Resident
Jim Growden Visitacion Valley Greenway/GOAL
Flora Grubb, Business Owner and Employer
Carl Hall, Resident, Business Owner and Employer
Marc Ellen Hamel, Resident
Jacob Hansen - JC Lionheart Foundation, Bayview Resident
Cris Hansen, Bayview Resident
Stephanie Haughey, Resident
Heidi Hardin, Bayview Advocate
Chris Harney, Business Owner and Employer
Gl Hodge, Community Leader and Non-profit Director
Tracy Hoger, Bayview Resident
Helen Howlett, D10 Resident
Brian Johnson, Bayview Resident
Henry Karnilowicz, South of Market Business Association
Lyslynn Lacoste, Bayview Community Leader and Non-profit Director
Jaime Madden, Bayview Resident
Marsha Maloof, President and Board Member- Bayview Hill Neighborhood Association
Fran Martin, Visitacion Valley Greenway/GOAL
James L. Martin, Community Leader and Long-time Advocate
Shannon Maxwell, Bayview Resident
Sophie Maxwell, Bayview Resident
Ken and Kellie McCord, Residents of Vis Valley; owner of Mission Blue, Leland Ave.
Chase McCord, resident of Vis Valley
Kayla McCord, resident of Little Hollywood
Hannah McCord, resident of Vis Valley
Connor Moncrief, Bayview Resident
Lesly Morazon, Bayview Resident
Joi Jackson-Morgan, MPH Executive Director, 3rd Street Youth Center & Clinic
Susan Murphy, Community Leader and Advocate
Jake Myrick, President of Sequoia sake, employer
Barbara Ockel, Non-profit Executive Director
Keith Osiewicz, Bayview Resident
POTRERO BOOSTERS NEIGHBORHOOD ASSOCIATION
POTRERO-DOGPATCH MERCHANTS ASSOCIATION
Adam Robers, Resident
Jonelle Rodericks, Resident
Milton Scott, Resident
Annette Scott, Resident
Mary Severance, Bayview Resident
Diane Wesley Smith, BVHP
Jack Siu, VISITACION VALLEY STRONG FAMILIES
Ann Mari Spector, Bayview Resident and Business Owner
Brett Stephens, Owner, San Francisco Landscapes
Julia Street, Bayview Resident
Justin Street, Bayview Resident
Angelique Tompkins, Longtime Resident and Community Leader
Cam Tran, Bayview Resident
Walter Turner, Bayview Resident- 63 years
Exec. Director, Parents Who Care / Juvenile Justice Commissioner
Guadalupe Vazquez, Bayview Resident
Roberto Vazquez, Bayview Resident
Mie Yaginuma, Resident & Founder of Friends of Palou Phelps
Toni Zernik, D10 Resident
The Office for Community Planning is a non-governmental, non-public funded, community-based and independent organization of D10 residents and business owners providing land-use and project review, economic development planning, community, family and merchant advocacy. Recommendations are presented to D10 community organizations and stakeholders, The Mayor’s Office, The San Francisco Board of Supervisors, the San Francisco Planning Commission, Board of Permit Appeals, SFPlanning Department, DBI, Bayview CAC, OCII, Resilient Bayview, the Bayview Business Alliance Project and other community-based individuals, advocacy organizations and district merchants. established on 3rd Street 2000
above: "Indifference to Poverty" taken on Evans Avenue @ Napoleon Avenue.
photo by G. Vistadellabaia
This information on encampments was requested by the D10 Supervisor’s office, and is understood to be just a part of the parallel and larger efforts by DOH, UCSF, OEWD ,COH,etc. To be clear, there are several counts underway by different agencies and entities. While most of the existing work is targeted toward a very useful, and linear approach, our current count looks at the encampments themselves as the source of more exponential increases.
"The Department of Homelessness and Supportive Housing adjusted the methodology used to report the point-in-time count for 2019 to align with federal standards used by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Previously, the count reported a number of individuals that did not fall under the federal standard definition of homelessness, such as individuals “doubled-up” in the homes of family or friends, individuals staying in jails, hospitals, or residential facilities, and families living in Single Room Occupancy (SRO) units. Under this previous, more expansive definition - referred to in the chart as the "San Francisco standard" - the 2019 count was 9,784; an increase of more than 30% over the 2017 count." SF Gov.
Admittedly and intentionally, these counts do not include the overall San Francisco Homeless Point-in-Time Count two primary components: "a point-in-time enumeration of unsheltered homeless individuals and families (those sleeping outdoors, on the street, in parks, or vehicles, etc.) and a point-in-time enumeration of homeless individuals and families residing in temporary shelter (e.g. emergency shelter, transitional housing, or stabilization rooms). "
It is estimated that the overall, cumulative D10 homeless count today is between 1810-2872, depending on the metric employed. These numbers are being updated monthly, with the City totals expected to eclipse the January, 2020 count. T-Line
Points of Discussion and Debate
As outlined in The World Economic Forum report, delivered in London on January 15, 2020 – “Economic and political polarization will rise this year, as collaboration between world leaders, businesses and policy-makers is needed more than ever to stop severe threats to our climate, environment, public health and technology systems.” The report forecasts a year of increased …economic slowdown. For the first time in the survey’s 10-year outlook, the top five global risks in terms of likelihood were all environmental. It adds that unless stakeholders adapt to “today’s epochal power-shift” and geopolitical turbulence – while still preparing for the future – time will run out to address some of the most pressing economic, environmental and technological challenges. This signals where action by business and policy-makers is most needed and provide a short list:
The top 5 risks by likelihood over the next 10 years:
• Extreme weather events (e.g. floods, storms, etc.)
• Failure of climate change mitigation and adaptation
• Major natural disasters (e.g. earthquake, tsunami, volcanic eruption, geomagnetic storms)
• Major biodiversity loss and ecosystem collapse
• Human-made environmental damage and disasters
These are the top 5 risks by severity of impact over the next 10 years:
• Failure of climate change mitigation and adaptation
• Weapons of mass destruction
• Major biodiversity loss and ecosystem collapse
• Extreme weather events (e.g. floods, storms, etc.)
• Water crises
How does any of this apply to Third Street, and what is missing from the outline?
The obvious answer is an unanticipated pandemic, with the resulting economic impacts that now redefine our future here, locally, in our community of neighborhoods in Bayview-HuntersPoint.
It may be useful to begin thinking about our preconceived notions of what a ‘main street’ can look like and how our older models of ‘economic development’ and ‘empty storefront inventory activation’ can be re-imagined. Doing things the ‘same old way’ probably no longer applies, yet rather than reacting to such talk as pejorative, a more optimistic and forward thinking, pragmatic approach is presenting itself. These questions are not new ones, and they’ve been discussed in Bayview and in countless other urban areas for some time. In recent years, we’ve all heard the rumblings of the ‘death of retail’.
In China and in parts of Southeast Asia during the 1980’s, the two-line telephone was rare or mostly non-existent in many rural areas, and an expensive utility in cities. Technological innovations, along with significant investment, prompted a ‘leapfrog’ approach, bypassing a build or rebuild of the older, wired infrastructure to a fully digital, wireless phone and wi-fi solution that has helped to power those countries into the robust economies of today. Of course, that was before Covid-19. Similarly, the Third Street business corridor could take a leap beyond an exclusively ‘traditional storefront’ and retail format and define itself differently for the decades ahead.
This is not to suggest that we re-make the place into something that it is not, or to push businesses out. Not at all; we are instead facing a strong headwind and must prepare ourselves. We treasure our hardware store, our bakers, our pizza makers and galleries; our cafe’s, restaurants, corner stores and specialty shops; our seamstresses, realtors, Taquerias, winemakers and laundries. Our bars and banks are essential. So are the metal fabricators and dessert makers, the tire and battery shops; the BBQ places and the service organizations. We wish to see those and other businesses not only survive, but thrive. And for the new arrivals to be encouraged to stick it out. The unique qualities that are known to those of us who live and work in Bayview - families, hard working people who are often solo operators of small businesses, crafts-persons, artisans, professional and technical workers, innovators, seniors, newbies, and alternative thinkers and doers - define Bayview-HuntersPoint as more of a small town enclave within the City. We’re a best-kept secret and we like it this way. We embrace and celebrate our differences and enjoy keeping things a bit off-balance for the visitors.
We don’t want Third Street to look like other corridors of stackable boxes above generic and homogenous ‘everyplace’ shops. But we need an increase in housing density in order to develop some critical mass of residents who can deliver the financial support for the retail that does exist and will continue as a requirement if we are to move forward locally.
Our main drag, on the T-Line, is not a particularly intimate street as currently configured. It’s fast moving, congested at times, can be noisy and littered. Each morning, prior to the pandemic, thousands of cars exited the 3rd Street offramp, Northbound from 101, and barreled down Third Street, windows up, with no interest in stopping on the way to Mission Bay or Downtown San Franicsco. A few three to five-ton trucks joined the parade through this primarily residential neighborhood, carrying materials, equipment, commodities and debris to areas beyond. Those aforementioned thousands, upon other thousands, made their way back down Third Street to points on the peninsula each evening.
These discussions and plans for recovery are taking place in every home, by every business owner - some at the kitchen table each evening; by multiple Federal, State and City agency; in endless committees and on-line forums. We’re hurting, and the recovery will difficult and lengthy for all, excruciatingly difficult for many. There are no hard solutions presented here, but only a few suggestions on how we may layer in some alternative approaches to support the things that are working well, while recognizing that some change is going to come. Some of these recommendations are obviously on our burners, while others have not been discussed or debated at length.
T-Line News - Editor
> Promote the small town feel for Bayview, keeping it ‘exclusive’ and a destination.
> Traffic calming: Slow the corridor traffic to 15-20MPH from Key to Evans; add flashing lights at pedestrian crossings.
> Limit Heavy-Duty trucks to 2 Tons on the Third Street Corridor between Williams and Innes.
> Develop alternative exchanges of currency such local, Bayview-Bucks, coupons and barter.
> Recognize the redundancy, overlap and duplication of services among City funded groups. This is probably the most controversial, but the reality is that San Francisco is budgeting with a significant loss of revenue anticipated over the coming years. A consolidation of services and review of deliverables is a necessary
> Encourage a more robust working relationship among all merchant groups / business boosters and the City funding agencies involved; improve metrics and reported deliverables.
For example: Link small business needs for front of house, janitorial, bookkeeping, payroll support to the public or foundation-supported organizations that deliver these services. Expect results.
> Enhance the relationships with top technology companies to continue to ‘wire’ the Bayview for Hi-Speed internet and WiFi throughout the area. Continue to develop partnerships with schools, library, etc. is essential for the emerging, non-traditional and year round learning trend.
> Continue to support the on and off corridor business inter-relationships and support for fabrication, for local materials, etc. This exists, but enhancement is key post-Covid19. Go local first.
> Encourage a new micro-business network such as: Bayview-Bolters - nimble, small construction teams for seismic upgrades of homes. Link to the low interest seismic loan program. Encourage both union and non-union labor discussions.
> Eliminate or phase out the Fringe Financial and alternate/predatory credit operations on Third Street.
> Close three blocks of the Corridor 2x month on Sunday for outdoor music and culture.
> Encourage a height limit increase to 45’ in the NC-3 zoning areas, with an overall 55’ height limit that includes a 10’ setback at the top floor. Support small-scale, in-fill developments on the transit corridor.
This checklist is by no means exhaustive or complete and a broader discussion and community-based debate is encouraged.
Buy Local . Hire Local . Shop Local
Hunter’s Point Shipyard (HPS) is located along the San Francisco Bay in southeastern San Francisco, California. Maritime activities at Hunters Point started in the nineteenth century when the first drydock was built in 1868. In 1903 a second drydock was built and operated by Bethlehem Steel Company. The United States Navy purchased Hunters Point in 1939 and took over full operations in 1941. Significant construction began in 1941 after American entry into World War II. At this time the Navy began excavation of the hills surrounding the ship yard, using the resulting spoils to expand the shoreline into the bay. Expanding the size of the ship yard through filling the bay with soil, waste and debris continued through the 1970’s.
Hunters Point Shipyard’s primary mission was the repair and maintenance of ships and submarines. However, another function of HPS was the loading of components of the atomic weapon “Little Boy” that was eventually used on Hiroshima. “Little Boy” was loaded on the USS Indianapolis on July 15th, 1945, and is reported to have contained half of the uranium-235 (U-235) available in the United States, valued at the time at $300 million ($4 trillion in 2018). The USS Indianapolis left HPS at 6:30 am on July 16th, 1945, but was not allowed to leave San Francisco’s harbor until 8:30am, after the first atomic weapon test “Trinity” (5:29 am) had been confirmed successful in the New Mexico desert.
After the 1946 atomic tests at Bikini Atoll in the Pacific (Operation Crossroads), contaminated target and support ships were brought to Hunters Point for decontamination and study. In response to the new need to understand radiological issues, the Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory (NRDL) was established in 1948 at Hunters Point and operated until 1969.
HPS was decommissioned in 1974. In 1976, the Navy leased the site to Triple A Machine Shop. Triple A Machine Shop was ultimately indicted and convicted for illegal disposal of hazardous substances at Hunters Point. In 1986, Triple A Machine Shop’s 10-year lease expired and was not renewed. From 1986 and 1990, the Navy once again used Hunters Point to repair several naval vessels. In 1991, HPS was placed on the Navy’s Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) list and its mission as a Navy shipyard ended on April 1, 1994.
After the closure of the shipyard many of the facilities were leased to artists, small businesses, a railroad museum, and the San Francisco Police Department. The Navy informed tenants their leases would be terminated in 2005 because the storm and sanitary sewer systems required removal and investigation for radiological contamination.
The Environmental Restoration Program at HPS began in 1984 with the completion of an initial assessment that identified numerous contaminated areas. This included the oil reclamation ponds; industrial landfill; bay fill area; battery and electroplating shop; tank farm; pickling and plate yard; scrap yard; an old transformer storage yard; submarine base area; and bay sediment area. HPS was listed on the Superfund National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989. In 1992 the Navy, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 9, the California Department of Toxic Substances Control and the Regional Water Quality Control Board entered into a Federal Facilities Agreement . The agreement establishes a procedural framework and schedule for the remediation of Hunters Point Shipyard.
Buildings without foundations will inevitably come down.
Jamie Lyons is an independent artist scholar whose art research spans image-making, site specific theatre, investigative journalism, writing, and other disciplines. His work has focused, in part, on toxic landscapes and using site responsive theatre practices to reveal the history of a particular environment while exploring the means to imagine alternative futures. Lyons is an avid surfer, filmmaker, writer , sailor and stage director. He earned an AB and PhD from Stanford University and has taught at Stanford, UCLA, USF, Yale and San Quentin Prison.
above: The USS Indianapolis sails under the Golden Gate Bridge
"I can be fooled, but my kids won’t be… either we will correct what’s wrong, it will be corrected for us."
“We knew the world would not be the same. A few people laughed, a few people cried, most people were silent. I remembered the line from the Hindu scripture, the Bhagavad-Gita; Vishnu is trying to persuade the Prince that he should do his duty and, to impress him, takes on his multi-armed form and says, “Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.” I suppose we all thought that, one way or another.”
-- Robert Oppenheimer July 16th, 1945
“Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." -
-- George Santayana
“We're doomed to repeat the past no matter what. That's what it is to be alive. It's pretty dense kids who haven't figured that out by the time they're ten.... Most kids can't afford to go to Harvard and be misinformed.”
― Kurt Vonnegut, Bluebeard
“History is the poisoned well, seeping into the ground-water. It’s not the unknown past we’re doomed to repeat, but the past we know. Every recorded event is a brick of potential, of precedent, thrown into the future. Eventually the idea will hit someone in the back of the head. This is the duplicity of history: an idea recorded will become an idea resurrected. Out of fertile ground, the compost of history.”
― Anne Michaels, Fugitive Pieces
July 16th, 2020 at 6:30am will mark seventy-five-75- years since the USS Indianapolis departed The Hunters-Point Naval Shipyard with components of 'Little Boy' aboard. History demands that we remember those lost to the catastrophe and the debacle of human tragedy that preceded and followed.
Editor - T-Line
Building 704 (on the right), a metal-sheathed shop building, stands as a marker for an area designated as a “Radioactive Material Storage” area on a 1949 map. This storage area was just south of the building and adjacent to animal pens/kennels. In the background, Sutro Tower.
photo by Jamie Charles Lyon
A seven-story flat-roofed steel and concrete structure built in the early 1950s as the Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory’s (NRDL) main research facility and headquarters. NRDL occupied the building from 1955 through its closure in 1969. The entire building is classified as a restricted area. Each floor of the facility was occupied as follows:
Basement: Various support facilities
First Floor: Lobby, guard office, building equipment rooms, storage rooms, and laboratories
Second Floor: Health Physics Division, instrument repair, maintenance, and calibration facilities
Third Floor: Administration
Fourth Floor: Nucleonics Division laboratories and offices
Fifth Floor: Laboratories and animal quarters and offices of the Biological and Medical (Bio-Med) Sciences Division
Sixth Floor: Chemical Technology Division laboratory facilities
Seventh Floor (only floor with windows): Cafeteria and auditorium
Building 351 (on the left) is a World War II era reinforced concrete shop building constructed in 1945 and enlarged at a later date. The core building is three stories, with a flat roof and a five-story tower at the northwest corner. The site was used for electronics work area/shop, optical laboratories, NRDL Materials and Accounts Division, NRDL Technical Information Division, BUMED storeroom, NRDL Office Services Branch, NRDL Thermal Branch, machine shop (on first floor), NRDL Engineering Division, and NRDL library.
Building 411 (center) is a large curtain-walled, steel-framed building with a flat roof, located in the southern waterfront area. This building includes a saw-toothed series of rooftop monitors as well as bands of steel industrial sash and large glazed industrial doors. The building has two levels, with a taller segment to the north. The building held source storage, a civilian cafeteria, a radiography shop, shipfitters and boilermakers shop, as well as a ship repair shop.
Building 366 (on the right) is a large corrugated metal, gable-roofed Butler-type structure, measuring approximately 280 feet by 130 feet. The building was used for NRDL instrument calibration; administrative offices; Applied Research and Technical Development Branches; Radiological Safety Branch; Management Planning Division; Nucleonics Division; Instruments Evaluation Section; general laboratories; Chemical Research Laboratory; shipyard radiography shop; Boat/Plastic Shop; other military/Navy Branch Project Officers Station; and NRDL Management Engineering and Comptroller Department.
Later the building was used by 29 artists from The Point artists’ colony.
Sgt. Edgar Harrell, is the last surviving Marine from the World War II sinking of the USS Indianapolis, the ship that carried the atomic bomb to Tinian Island.
What happened on board the USS Indianapolis? What happened to the survivors? Welcome to the SPECIAL episode of The Infographics Show; The Sinking of USS Indianapolis
The USS Indianapolis played a crucial role in World War II before being torpedoed by a Japanese submarine. Last year, its wreckage was finally found after 72 years, and now TODAY shares an exclusive first look at the underwater site.
Quint (Robert Shaw) reveals to Hooper (Richard Dreyfuss) and Brody (Roy Scheider) the chilling shark-infested nightmare of his past, the aftermath of the sinking of the USS Indianapolis and...the Bomb.
DESCRIPTION: Based on Peter Benchley's best-selling novel, Steven Spielberg's 1975' s JAWS, in this scene Brody and Hooper join forces with flinty old salt Quint (Robert Shaw), the only local fisherman willing to take on a Great White.
CREDITS: TM & © Universal (1975) Cast: Richard Dreyfuss, Roy Scheider, Robert Shaw Director: Steven Spielberg Producers: Richard D. Zanuck, David Brown Screenwriters: Peter Benchley, Carl Gottlieb
The story involves a super-secret mission, a disastrous after-voyage, survival against the elements and a four day feeding frenzy of sharks, a Navy cover-up, political intrigue, and a fight to clear the name of a respected ship's captain that took 50 years. It is a story so harrowing that it can scarcely be believed how little-known the event is outside of the cadre of serious World War II historians, despite that the sinking resulted in the greatest loss of life involving a ship at sea in U.S. Navy history.
And yet the fact is not so strange when one considers what it took to overshadow the sinking of the Indianapolis — the nearly simultaneous first wartime use of atomic weapons.
Coincidentally, however, the same atomic bomb that obscured the loss of the Indianapolis was also inextricably linked to the ship. It was the USS Indianapolis that carried the components of the bomb used at Hiroshima to Tinian Island before the ship sailed off to meet its own fate.
In July 1945, Indianapolis completed a top-secret high-speed trip to deliver parts of Little Boy, the first nuclear weapon ever used in combat, to the United States Army Air Force Base on the island of Tinian, and subsequently departed for the Philippines on training duty. At 0015 on 30 July, the ship was torpedoed by the Imperial Japanese Navy submarine I-58, and sank in 12 minutes. Of 1,195 crewmen aboard, approximately 300 went down with the ship. The remaining 890 faced exposure, dehydration, saltwater poisoning, and shark attacks while stranded in the open ocean with few lifeboats and almost no food or water. The Navy only learned of the sinking four days later, when survivors were spotted by the crew of a PV-1 Ventura on routine patrol. Only 316 survived. The sinking of Indianapolis resulted in the greatest single loss of life at sea, from a single ship, in the history of the US Navy.[a]
On 19 August 2017, a search team financed by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen located the wreckage of the sunken cruiser in the Philippine Sea lying at a depth of approximately 18,000 ft (5,500 m). On 20 December 2018, the crew of the Indianapolis was collectively awarded a Congressional Gold Medal.
"The ship sank so fast that few lifeboats or float-nets were recovered, leaving the majority of men in the water with nothing but kapok life jackets to keep them above water in rough seas, with swells of 12 feet or more.
The conditions were such, with daytime temperatures near 110 degrees, that thirst rapidly set in. Nighttime in the water added hypothermia as an
additional killer. Desperate men were driven to drink salt water, which rapidly produced dementia and hallucinations."
If I dwell in the remotest part of the sea,
Even there Thy hand will lead me,
And Thy right hand will lay hold of me.
- Psalm 139:7-10
"It was 4 1/2 days later," Harrell recounted, "that providentially we were spotted, but there were only 317 of us still alive."
Philip Grey, The Leaf-Chronicle
Only after an accidental discovery of men in the water during that flyover by the Ventura did the US Navy dispatch a number of rescue craft.
Aboard the USS Register a Destroyer Escort DE 233 was young doctor by the name of Louis Hamman, Jr. The Resister had recently been badly damaged by a kamikaze at the battle of Okinawa, with Hamman fished out of the water by another DE. Rushed into repairs, the Resgister was subsequently escorting a carrier when she was dispatched to the site of the Indianapolis on August 4, 1945.
As one of the first rescue vessels to arrive on blistering day in the middle of the ocean, 280 miles from the nearest land, the Register crew began pulling survivors out of the water. The survivors were wounded horribly by sharks, sunburned and severely dehydrated. According to his son, and as related by Dr. Hamman, he treated these survivors as he was one of the few doctors on site; the other rescue ships only had corpsmen on board. That son, born just two years after that experience, now lives less than than a mile from where the USS Indianapolis departed Hunters-Point Shipyard in 1945. His name is Michael Hamman, a Bayview-HuntersPoint resident in India Basin.
Dr. Louis Hamman is recognized in the book 'Abandon Ship'. Originally published in 1958, "Abandon Ship!" was the first book to describe how the survivors of the "U.S.S. Indianapolis" sinking watched their shipmates fall prey to shark attacks, dehydration and death, and the first to question why the captain, Charles McVay, was court martialed.
The T-LINE is pleased to recognize and celebrate BAYVIEW-BASED artist,
Ron Moultrie Saunders, a photographic artist, landscape architect and recipient of numerous public art commissions. Ron creates photograms: photographs that are made without the use of a camera. Ron is a also a co-founding member of the 3.9 Art Collective and art94124 in San Francisco.
A BAYVIEW artist and resident, Ron Moultrie Saunders creates unique, beautiful and thought provoking photograms: photographs that are made without the use of a camera. This process includes positioning various organic or man-made objects or materials near or on the surface of a light sensitive material such as photographic paper or photo-sensitive material and then exposing them to either natural or synthetic light sources.
Originally from Jamaica, Queens, New York, Ron moved to Bayview in 1985 and was the artist in residence at the shipyard from 2013-2015. He currently lives in Bayview and works from his studio in Dogpatch, at the Minnesota Street Project.
Ron is a co-founding member of the 3.9 Art Collective, and is a photographic artist, landscape architect and teacher. He is being commissioned by BART to create artwork for the Market Street Canopies in San Francisco and for 19th Street Station in Oakland, CA.
His art work is in the San Francisco Arts Commission Civic Art Collection for projects he completed for the Bayview Linda Brooks-Burton Branch Library, Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, Laguna Honda Hospital and, Public Utilities Commission New Headquarters in San Francisco. Ron is also the recipient of an Individual Artist Grant from the San Francisco Arts Commission.
He was commissioned to create works for VM Ware, Inc. in Palo Alto, CA and Dallas, TX in 2013 and, for The San Francisco Travel Association (formerly SF Convention and Visitors Bureau) new offices. His art has been exhibited throughout the US including solo shows “The Secret Life of Plants”at San Francisco International Airport and CordenPotts Gallery, San Francisco, CA, and group shows “Self:Scape” at Middlesex County College, New Jersey(2012), “Exposed: Today’s Photography/Yesterday’s Technology” (San Jose Institute of Contemporary Art), “Measure of Time”(Oakland Museum of California at City Center). His work is published in several books including “Self Exposure: The Male Nude Self-Portrait”, “From Art to Landscape” and, INPHA 3 (International Photography Annual). He was an artist-in-residence at STAR (Shipyard Trust for the Arts) in the Hunter’s Point Shipyard in San Francisco and Kala Art Institute.
In the community along the T-Line, Ron's work is installed at the Linda Brooks-Burton Bayview Branch Library at Third and Revere Avenue. It is well worth taking the time to disembark at the nearby light rail platform to visit the library and to study Ron's work.
See more work by Ron Moultrie Saunders here
See more activities by artBAYVIEW.
Ron earned his Bachelor of Arts in Design of the Environment, University of Pennsylvania, in 1979 and a Masters of Landscape Architecture, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in
His awards have included a San Francisco Arts Commission Individual Artist Grant in 2017 and 2019; the 2007 award at The Center for Fine Art Photography, Fort Collins, Colorado, “Alternative Processes”; and was a Finalist in the 1997 International World Heritage Photo Competition sponsored by UNESCO, Honorable Mention
Ron's teaching experience is varied, and he'sbeen an instructor at Saint Mary's College of California, Moraga, California, the Bayview Opera House, the Kala Art Institute, Berkeley, California; the University of California Extension Berkeley, San Francisco, California; and as guest lecturer at Crissy Field, Golden Gate National Park, San Francisco California. Ron has also been a photography instructor at the Headlands Center for the Arts, Sausalito, California Environmental Arts Summer Program; and was Co-developer of “arts” program for disadvantaged youths. He's also served as volunteer and board member
at the Shipyard Trust for the Arts (STAR); the 3.9Art Collective, San Francisco, California, Co-Founder; the Bayview Opera House; Art 94124 Gallery; and at LEAP (Learning and Education Arts Program), San Francisco, California.
Ron's commissions include:
2020 Southeast Health Center Expansion, San Francisco, California, San Francisco Arts Commission
2020 Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), Market Street Canopies, San Francisco, California
2019 Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), 19th Street Station, Oakland, California
2016 Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California, San Francisco Arts Commission
2014 San Francisco Travel Association (formerly SF Convention and Visitors Bureau)
2013 San Francisco Public Library, Bayview Linda Brooks-Burton Branch, San Francisco Arts Commission,
San Francisco, California, “Spirit and Nature Dancing Together” and “Symbiotic Relationships”
San Francisco Public Utilities Commission Headquarters, San Francisco, California
Public Utilities Commission, San Francisco Arts Commission, Southeast Community Facility
VM Ware, Inc, Palo Alto, California and Dallas, Texas
Alternate, Alameda County Arts Commission, San Lorenzo Public Library Expansion Project
2011 Laguna Honda Hospital, San Francisco, California, San Francisco Arts Commission,
2010 Alternate, Ashland Youth Center, Alameda County Arts Commission, Ashland, California
Finalist, Hunter’s Point Shipyard Public Art Project, San Francisco, California
Addition information on Ron's inclusion in publications, reviews and residency experience may by found on his website: